pennsylvania pattern broad axe
Factory capacity in 1855 was 500 axes per day. In 1920, Mack was acquired by Winchester Repeating Arms Co., and its equipment was moved to New Haven, CN.[59]. Norlund Co. Goosewing Broad Axes are named for their unique axehead; it resembles a goose in flight. Destroyed by a fire in 1894, the factory was rebuilt and operated until about 1928. Known as the oldest bar in Pennsylvania and in America, the historic landmark has plenty of tales to tell. C. Hammond & Son (1869-1920? Maps for 1877 and 1886 show a “grind shop” and mill pond, near today’s Meadowfield Drive. During their first year of incorporation in 1889 and running until October 1, 1890, the American Axe & Tool Co. company offices were located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Boston, Massachusetts and Troy, New York. Head is 8-1/2" wide, butt to blade. ), Philadelphia, PA – initially founded by Jonathan Yerkes in Frankfort, PA, the company moved to Church St. in Philadelphia around 1869. "CYMA SWISS MADE" Rare! An industrial history of Centre County, 1793-1975. Think of it as the "smoothing plane" of axes. The goosewing axe was brought to Pennsylvania by German settlers and were the earliest hewing axes used in this country. From 1910 to 1960, Plumb products were produced in St. Louis, MO. The overlay method – patented by Harvey Mann in 1862 (no. [41] Around this time, Joseph developed a method for high-quality tempering of axe heads (patent no. Around 1901, James left the Trust and built a new plant in Yeagertown. Transformed by improvements in transportation, communication, and finance, numerous corporations discovered that once geographically-isolated markets were now subject to vigorous price competition. Reports are that Collins continued to produce axes at Yeagertown until 1927 or possibly as late as 1940. Just about everywhere you go in PA, you’ll discover some sort of intriguing history. Antique WOOD CRATE "KIRKMAN'S BORAX SOAP" Large Wooden Box "SAVE THE COUPONS", Antique CRANBERRY SCOOP Blueberry Rake BERRY PICKING Primitive Wooden Harvester, Antique MONROE "LIFT-ARM" LIGHTER w/ Working BANNER "SHOCK PROOF" CLOCK Art Deco, Vintage "GRISWOLD CAST IRON GRIDDLE" No 745 Cast Iron 8"x18.5" Skillet HOT PLATE, Antique ALPHABET PUNCH SET Complete Roman Font ABC's in WOOD BOX "HOGGSON BRAND". Blacksmiths in Pennsylvania made a few improvements to the axe. [1] They were only 23 and 21 years of age. [43] The Upper Plant was renovated and improved, while the Lower Plant was leased for other purposes. Account of Robert Mann’s operations in Mill Hall, including labor strike of 1882. Axes and other edge tools have been manufactured in central Pennsylvania since before 1825. $16.95 shipping. A site in Flemington (on Walnut Dr.) also was acquired, which was part of Ricker & Sons Iron Works. An 1884 Mann catalog refers to this site as “Willow Grove.” This was the site of the Hall and Rawle mill, purchased by William Mann on Nov 20, 1847 (Fagley, at 13). Shortly thereafter, the family decided to sell-out to the Axe Trust. These arrangements did not survive and in 1892, Joseph was discharged from American Axe and Tool Co. Canal History and Technology Proceedings, v16, 1-52 (National Canal Museum, Easton, PA). [46] Along with various ownership and management changes, MET continued to produce axes in Lewistown until 2003, when the company was sold to Truper, a Mexican concern. Warren expanded through a series of acquisitions of nearby producers: American Drop Forge (1907, Wayland, NY); Standard Axe & Tool Works (1912, Ridgway, PA); and Romer Axe (1916, Dunkirk, NY). Estimates are that 3-5,000 independent firms disappeared through mergers between 1895 and 1904, and over 150 industries were transformed into near monopolies, including such vital industries as petroleum, steel, copper, railroads, ship building, farm machinery, telephone, telegraph, beef livestock, salt, and sugar. ), Milesburg, PA – C. Kephart Essington was initially a hammerer at General Miles’ iron works. [53] Around 1832, he moved to a small farm near Unionville and leased a shop in Unionville (possibly on 1861 Walling Map as a “tin shop”). 547,361) for a chemical process to treat axe heads as a means of preventing rust and to increase durability. After MET purchased Collins, it used Collins name on many of its products, with the excepti… Essington and McMullen (1841-1851)/C.K. Description. In 1921, all assets of AAT were purchased by Kelly Axe Mfg. Collins Co. [38] Further, members of the Mann family found that subordinate supervisory roles were not to their liking and either resigned or were discharged from AAT. Philadelphia: Everts. Blaine, WA: Privately published (available from Larry McPhail). 1800-1821), Lemont, PA – mentioned in J. Marvin Lee and other historic accounts of Centre County. James Hayes (ca. Eventually, Alfred and William H. were given control of the Upper Plant. William Mann Jr.’s residence sits at the end of Rosemont Ave, above the former works site. O1 Tool Steel is the original oil-hardening, “non-shrinking” tool steel that can be hardened to the Rockwell C 65 range from a low austenitizing temperature. Early brand labels used by James H. Mann Co. included the “Juniata Axe” and “Blue Juniata.”[21] A fire destroyed the plant in 1911, but it was rebuilt using structural steel. Vtg. The end of the Trust came in 1921. Description of axe-making processes. The exact significance depends on the company; it indicates both the year that Robert Mann struck out on his own and the year when James H. Mann joined his father, William Jr., in the axe-making business. Klenman, Allan and McPhail, Larry (2006, 2nd ed). Formed by consolidation of 14 companies in 1890, American Axe and Tool (AAT) controlled about half of axe production. [12] Around 1840 a second shop was acquired in Yeagertown, mainly devoted to finishing of axe heads and making of other edge tools. (1923-1927? ), Philadelphia & Ogontz, PA – relatively little is known about this producer. The factory was purchased by Robert at the sheriff’s sale for $6,000, paid for partly by sale of 100 acres of factory-owned land. On the second floor of the Mifflin County Courthouse hangs a large painting (dated 1905) of the once active plant. Beatty & Son(s)/ Beatty Edge Tool Co. (1806-1924), Chester, PA – early production occurred at Waterville and Springfield, near Philadelphia. William Jr. and Harvey Mann started production of axes in 1825 in Bellefonte. 4140 cold finished annealed is a chromium-molybdenun alloy steel that can be oil hardened to relatively high hardenability. Axes, Hatchets. Warren and Sager brand names may have continued to be used by Collins after 1958. It was closed in 1927 or possibly as late as 1940. In 1923 Collins acquired James H. Mann Axe Co. of Yeagertown. The goose–wing broad axes brought to America by German settlers were the earliest hewing axes commonly used in this country. Two of the Manns – James and Joseph ‒ started new businesses. Barco’s tool catalog lists the following PFG products: light duty camp axe; light duty hatchet; Kelly Perfect Axes; Kelly Woodslasher Axes; fire axe; sport/camp axe; half hatchets; and other specialty hatchets (broad, lathing, box, rig builder, wall board). Axe production at the time was largely a calling of blacksmiths, and the factory was among the first to employ machinery. Its failure caused a split between the brothers, with Harvey assuming the debts. May require a thorough detailing to bring to its full potential. Two days after the fire, the board voted to remove Joseph as President and terminate A.C.[45] Robert Jr. was appointed as general sales manager, but he would die on a business trip in Sep 1910 at age 44. About 1838 they built a shop on Bald Eagle Creek near Milesburg, and then in 1846 moved to Clinton County and purchased the Hayes Axe Works. Enter your email below to receive a coupons, special offers, exclusive discounts and more! and on merit alone for your orders compete" (verse in a Mann Edge Tool catalog). Philadelphia: Everts. 18 "6141" by GRISWOLD ERIE PA. 6-Cup Cake RARE! After dismissal from AAT, Joseph moved to Lewistown and set-up shop in an old mill on Water St., near where Kish Creek empties into the Juniata River. In 1912, Standard was acquired by Warren, and the equipment was moved to St. Catherines, Ontario. The Engineering and Mining Journal, v52, at 273, Sep 5, 1891. William Mann Jr. first arrived in Bellefonte in 1823, and together with his brother Harvey built an axe factory at Boiling Spring on Spring Creek’s Logan Branch. For the next 100 years, members of the Mann family would establish and operate axe factories at four main locations in central Pennsylvania: Axemann-Bellefonte in Centre County (Spring Creek); Reedsville-Yeagertown and Lewistown in Mifflin County (Kishacoquillas Creek); and Mill Hall in Clinton County (Fishing Creek). As a cost-reducing measure, these and other acquired plants were quickly closed. A financial panic and worldwide depression in 1893 also resulted in slack output and excess capacity in many industries. Ellis, Franklin (1886). Furey notes an iron works that was located on Walnut St. (now Walnut Dr. in Flemington), near Bald Eagle Canal. 35,480) – welded steel on the outside of the scarf, which exposed more steel on the cutting edge. By standards of the day, the Axe Trust was a fairly modest affair. $26.00. The brand name was sold in 1992 to a California concern, although MET may have continued to make the axes.[47]. Several reports had the Axemann plant leased by Robert Mann and J. Fearon Mann as its manager; see, e.g., The Pittsburgh Commercial (Apr 21, 1875). Mansion. [13] Two of William’s brothers – Harris and Robert – were put in charge of the Lower Shop as part of William Mann & Co. Harris would disappear on a business trip to Philadelphia in 1840. Philadelphia: Everts. Lewistown Sentinel, Jan 20-23, 1976. Prior to this venture, they were living near Johnstown, New York, where William Sr., their father, made edge tools. [23] This operation was terminated and Willis joined the Reedsville works as a factory superintendent. Lamond, Thomas C. (2016). Above the creek sits the Mann Mansion, built in 1858. 2.0 oz.. Centre Daily Times, Sep 11-13, 1979. Given all of the mergers, brand-name acquisitions, name and location changes, alias companies, and other marketing gimmicks in the industry, it is often difficult to discern where and when an axe or hatchet was actually produced. Relatively few axes carry a date-imprint. The Mann Axe Making Dynasty and the Mann Edge Tool Co. Lynbrook, NY: Privately published. Photos of Axemann factory ruins. After the fire, the factory may have been sold to a concern affiliated with Joseph Mann – International Axe and Tool Co. ‒ and its equipment possibly was transferred to Mill Hall. [22] Mann Ave exists today as a reminder of the town’s industrial past and at the end of Rosemont Ave sits the William Mann Jr. These axes were first used in Bucks County, PA. An earlier pattern of hewing ax known as the medieval goose–wing ax occasionally shows up . Lamond, Thomas C. (2012). Wm. Describes Plumb, Beatty, Hammond, and several other minor producers. [61] Some reports list Ezekiel as producing axes and edge tools as early as 1820. American Axe and Tool Co. purchased the factory and in Oct 1892 after 64 years of operation, it was closed.

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